Russia vowed to ignore US and European calls to free jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny after he urged western governments to sanction key allies of President Vladimir Putin.
Mr Navalny (44) identified eight people as potential targets for punitive measures, including billionaire Chelsea soccer club owner Roman Abramovich and tycoon Alisher Usmanov as well as top officials, in a list released by a close associate of the activist.
A Russian court ordered Mr Navalny be held in custody for 30 days on Monday . He had been detained the previous day upon arrival from Germany where he had been recovering from a poisoning attack. He faces as much as three and a half years in prison at a hearing set for February 2 on charges he breached the terms of a suspended sentence.
The outspoken critic of Mr Putin was stopped by police at passport control as he landed in Moscow from Berlin, where he had gone for treatment after the August nerve-agent attack he and western governments blame on the Kremlin. His detention threatens a new round of tensions with the West, which demanded his immediate release, and he called on supporters in Russia to take to the streets in protest.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said the prosecution was a “domestic matter” conducted in line with Russian law. “We don’t intend to take this international opinion into account,” he said of the US and European calls to release the activist.
Mr Navalny’s appeals to supporters to protest may be a violation of Russian law, he added.
The speaker of the lower house of parliament, Vyacheslav Volodin, accused Mr Navalny of acting on behalf of foreign governments. “Our task is to prevent foreign meddling, whoever does it,” he told legislators, RIA Novosti reported.
Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia called for the European Union to consider new sanctions ag ainst Russia over the case at a meeting of foreign ministers next week, but it wasn’t clear how much support there was in other capitals for the push.
“It’s clear that a further clampdown on the opposition leader is taking place in Moscow,” Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis said on Monday. “There’s concern among many capitals, perhaps only the level of concern varies.”
In addition to the billionaires, Mr Navalny’s list of top sanctions candidates includes VTB Bank chief executive officer Andrey Kostin, health minister Mikhail Murashko and prominent adult children of Putin allies.
“I call for western governments to review this list and make it known that they will sanction people from it if Alexei is not immediately released,” Navalny ally Vladimir Ashurkov wrote on Facebook.
Mr Navalny, who is being held in Moscow’s notorious Matrosskaya Tishina prison, which is harsher than the holding cells where he was usually kept in the past, was defiant at Monday’s court hearing.
“What respect do you want me to have for this court?” he told the judge according to a transcript posted on Twitter by his spokeswoman. “This isn’t a real court. You’re committing a crime and it’s 100pc you will go to prison. You’re a young woman.” The hastily called hearing was held in a makeshift courtroom in a police station outside Moscow.
Mr Navalny will spend 14 days in a three-person cell alone because of Covid-19 quarantine rules, prison ombudsman Alexei Melnikov, who visited him in the jail, wrote on Facebook. The facility is where Hermitage Capital Management tax adviser Sergei Magnitsky died in 2009 from an apparent beating, according to a Kremlin human rights council.
In a video appeal recorded in the courtroom on Monday, Mr Navalny called on supporters to protest. “Don’t be scared. Come out on the streets – not for me but for yourselves and your future,” he said.